Ideal pH: 6.0-7.0. Be sure to train them to twine around a support when they are about 30cm tall (1’), as hops have been known to reach up to 7.5 meters in a year. Mulch with loose soil as it is important the rhizomes do not dry out while establishing themselves. Hops are heavy feeders that require nitrogen-rich amendments. First year growth will be limited while the roots establish themselves but you can expect to harvest some cones in the first year, more in the second and a full harvest in the third.
If you are planting more than one rhizome space about 1m apart (3’); space different varieties 2m (6’) apart. There is little difference in the appearance of hop varieties. It will be much easier when harvesting the cones to grow them some distance from each other. In the second year you can expect several bines to have developed. Cut back the weakest of them, leaving the strongest 2 or 3 to grow out.
Hops are ready for harvest when they become light and papery to the touch and when the leaves of the cones start to turn yellow at the edges. The lupulin powder, that contains the essential oils, turns golden yellow and becomes quite fragrant.
Spread the flowers out in a single layer on a screen and air dry for a couple days with a fan blowing across them. They are ready to store in the freezer in an airtight baggy when the cones barely break when bent in half.
Hops require lots of sun (6-8 hours daily) and ample space. They thrive in rich, well-drained soil with plenty of well-rotted organic matter and a Ph level between 6 - 7.5.
Hops do best planted in hills 3 feet apart, with a support system such as poles or sturdy trellis. Remember that hops grow up to 15-20 feet, so if planting in containers you will need good drainage and a pot at least 20" in diameter to provide enough space for roots.
Hops require a lot of water (about 1.5 inches each week) and do best when fertilized with well-composted manure throughout the growing season.
TIP: You can help keep them weed-free with a blanket of mulch.
Train when shoots are 1-2 feet long. Bailing twine works well, just gently twist shots clockwise around each line.
Harvest when cones feel papery and dry, approximately 13-16 weeks after planting.
When you grow your own Farmery hops at home, you get the very same crops that we use in our beer! Perfect for the homebrewer looking to take their craft to the next level, or for the home gardener who loves the looks of vines in their garden!